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How to Prevent Corona Virus

What is Corona Virus?
 
Corona virus or coronavirus is a collection of viruses from the subfamily Orthocoronavirinae in the Coronaviridae family and the order of Nidovirales. This group of viruses can cause disease in birds and mammals, including humans. In humans, coronaviruses cause generally mild respiratory infections, such as colds, although some forms of disease such as SARS, MERS, and COVID-19 are more lethal.

Corona virus is a virus that attacks the respiratory system. This disease caused by a viral infection is called COVID-19. Corona virus can cause disorders of the respiratory system, acute pneumonia, to death. Corona virus is a new type of coronavirus that is transmitted to humans. This virus infection was first discovered in the city of Wuhan, China, at the end of December 2019. This virus spread quickly and has spread to other regions in China and to several countries until finally now reaching Indonesia. Until now, there is no vaccine or antiviral drug to prevent or treat corona virus infection in humans even though there are already several countries that claim to successfully cure their patients from this corona virus. Therefore we better learn how to Prevent this Corona Virus so that we avoid the virus.


When was Corona Virus Discovered?

The Corona virus was actually discovered in the 1960s. The earliest viruses discovered were infectious bronchitis viruses in chickens and two viruses from the human nasal cavity with the common cold which were later named human coronavirus 229E and human coronavirus OC43. But since then, other coronavirus members have been identified, including SARS-CoV found in 2003, HCoV NL63 in 2004, HKU1 in 2005, MERS-CoV in 2012, and finally SARS-CoV-2 (previously known as 2019-nCoV) in 2019 yesterday.

What are the symptoms of Corona Virus?

Corona virus can cause sufferers to experience flu symptoms, such as runny nose, headache, cough, sore throat, and fever. It can also be obtained from symptoms of severe respiratory infections, such as high fever, cough with phlegm and even bleeding, shortness of breath, and chest pain. In general there are 3 common symptoms of the Corona virus, namely:

    Fever
    Cough
    Hard to breathe


From the results of the study, symptoms of corona virus appear within 2 days to 2 weeks after exposure to the Corona virus. Therefore it is advisable to immediately see a doctor if you experience symptoms of Corona virus infection as mentioned above, especially if the symptoms appear 2 weeks after returning from China or other countries that have begun to be exposed to this corona virus.

What Causes Corona Virus?
The cause of the corona virus is of course caused by a coronavirus, which is a group of viruses that infect the respiratory system. For the most part, Coronavirus only causes mild to moderate respiratory infections, like the flu. However, this virus can also cause severe respiratory infections, such as MERS, SARS, and pneumonia. Initial allegations that the corona virus is transmitted from animals to humans. However, it was later discovered that the Corona virus was also transmitted from human to human.

Where do we get the Corona Virus?
A person can get COVID-19 through a variety of ways, namely:

    Accidentally inhale saliva sparks from sneezing or coughing people exposed to the corona virus.
    Hold the mouth or nose without washing hands first, after touching an object affected by saliva splashes of COVID-19 sufferers.
    Close contact with sufferers of COVID-19.



How do you diagnose a COVID-19 sufferer?
How to diagnose a patient exposed to the corona virus can be done by interviewing the patient by asking what symptoms they are experiencing and whether the patient has traveled from abroad. Furthermore, there will be a further examination with several stages such as the following:

    Blood sample test
    A throat swab test to examine sputum samples
    Chest radiograph to detect infiltrates or fluid in the lungs


How to prevent Corona virus?
Because until now there is no vaccine to prevent Corona virus infection or COVID-19. Therefore, we must prevent by knowing how to prevent the corona virus from entering our bodies. There are several things you can do, including:

Avoid traveling to countries where Corona virus transmission has been found.
The first way to prevent Corona Virus is to avoid going abroad first. This is done to avoid direct contact with COVID-19 sufferers in the country. It is highly recommended to postpone our various schedules to travel abroad so that we can avoid the Corona virus.

Use a mask when outdoors, especially in public places or crowds.
The second way to prevent Corona Virus is to use a mask when on the move. This aims to make us less likely to get ourselves infected by the virus, because we do not know people who are active outside of whether they are healthy or have been exposed to this corona virus.

Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or hand sanitizer containing alcohol
The third way to prevent Corona Virus is to regularly wash our hands with soap and clean water or can also use a hand sanitizer to protect ourselves from corona virus transmission. Unconsciously when you're on the move we will not realize we have held anything that unconsciously we do not know whether the object is sterile or not. For Muslims, keep your ablution at all times, because indirectly by doing ablution means that we have kept our bodies clean.

Avoid contact with animals, especially wild animals.
The fourth way to prevent Corona virus is to reduce contact with animals. Actually, it doesn't matter when we come into contact with animals, as long as we immediately wash our hands immediately afterwards.

Cook the meat until cooked.
The next way to prevent Corona Virus is to avoid eating meat that is only half cooked and still raw. Therefore, try to always cook the meat until cooked so that if there are germs in the meat, the germ is dead.

Close your sneeze.
The fifth way to prevent Corona Virus is to close your sneeze. Close sneezing is highly recommended to use tissue and when it is directly disposed of in the trash and wash your hands again.

Do not touch the eyes, mouth and nose before washing hands.
The next way to prevent Corona Virus is to avoid hand contact with eyes, mouth and nose before washing hands. This aims to minimize the spread of the virus from dirty hands through the senses.

Avoid being close to someone who is sick.
The sixth way to prevent Corona Virus is to avoid contact with people who are sick. We do not know whether the person who is sick is sick or exposed to the corona virus, therefore we are to avoid contact with the person who is sick. In addition, if we are already close to a person who is sick, it is recommended to wash our hands immediately or even take a bath so that our bodies are clean again.

Keep clean.
The last way to prevent Corona Virus is to always maintain cleanliness. Keep your environment clean to minimize the life of the corona virus, clean the tools that are often touched by us so that they do not become a home for germs.

How To Prevent Corona Virus Transmission?
For someone suspected of having a corona virus, there are steps you can take so that the virus does not spread to other people.

    Do not go in and out of the house freely, except for treatment.
    Try to stay apart from other people for a while.
    Prevents others from visiting or visiting.
    As much as possible do not have meetings with people who are sick.
    Avoid sharing the use of cutlery and drinking utensils, toiletries, and bedding that are all the same.
    Wear a mask and gloves when in a public place or with someone else.
    Use tissue to cover your mouth and nose, then throw the tissue into the trash after sneezing.



That's a little review of the corona virus and How to Prevent Corona Virus Transmission. Take precautions so that we can avoid the virus. Hopefully we avoid this corona virus and no more casualties after this. Selaun, is expected to immediately find a vaccine for this corona virus so that we can return to activities safely and comfortably.

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